This guide covers the main XWiki APIs that you can use from scripts in wiki pages. It's not meant to be comprehensive. For that you'll need to check the XWiki Reference API page.

Note that while most examples are written in Velocity you can use any other scripting language to access the same APIs.


Make sure to check the Snippets wiki which contains plenty of small script examples that you can copy/paste and adjust for your needs.

Querying documents

See the Query Module for examples on how to perform queries on the wiki using a scripting language.

Create a new Document

For example in Velocity:

## Note that getDocument() creates a Document if it doesn't exist. This can be checked with $newDoc.isNew()
#set ($newDoc = $xwiki.getDocument('MySpace.MyPage'))
## Set its content (for example)
#set ($discard = $newDoc.setContent("new content"))
## The second parameter to save() indicates whether the save is a minor edit or not
#set ($discard = $"some comment explaining the save", true))

Accessing the request

You can access the HTTP Request by accessing the  com.xpn.xwiki.web.XWikiServletRequest object through the request script variable.

For example in Velocity, to access an action HTTP parameter passed in the request you would write:


Note that this is a shortcut to:


Getting external content

Requires Programming Rights (since XWiki 9.10).

You can use the following APIs to get content located at external URLs:

public String getURLContent(String surl, String username, String password) throws IOException
public String getURLContent(String surl) throws IOException
public String getURLContent(String surl, String username, String password, int timeout) throws IOException
public String getURLContent(String surl, int timeout) throws IOException
public byte[] getURLContentAsBytes(String surl, String username, String password)
public byte[] getURLContentAsBytes(String surl) throws IOException

For example in Velocity:


Add objects to a page

Here is a piece of Velocity script to show how is possible to store a new object in one page:

## Create an object
#set($obj = $doc.newObject("XWiki.SomeClass"))

## Save the object in the page

The "XWiki.SomeClass" class has to be created (through the class editor): field1 and field2 are property of the class. At the moment, this code works fine only if the user currently logged in has editing rights on the page, otherwise the will not work.

Access objects in a page

Here is a piece of Velocity script to show how it is possible to access an object attached to the page, and read its fields :

## Retrieve the first object (index [0]) among all objects attached to this page and of a certain class 
#set($obj = $doc.getObject('SomeSpace.SomeClass'))

## Retrieve the raw value of the propertty "field1" for this object, provided
## a property called "field1" is actually defined in the class of this object
#set($rawValue = $obj.getProperty('field1').value)
SomeSpace.SomeClass[0] : field1 = "$rawValue"

## or value displayed (supports l10n or key-value properties)
#set($ValueDisplayed = $obj.field1)

#set($class = $obj.xWikiClass) ## access the class object representing SomeSpace.SomeClass
## return the property type: String, TextAreaDate, Boolean, ...

You can also go through all the properties of an object, without knowing their respective names. That's how the default Class Sheet works, when you create a class using the Class Wizard.

#set($class = $obj.xWikiClass) ## access the class object representing SomeSpace.SomeClass
#foreach($prop in $ ## go through all properties
 <dt> *${prop.prettyName}* </dt>

Actually the line $doc.display(propertyName) can either display the property value, or generate an input field in the page, mapped to the property whose name is passed as argument (when you edit the page in inline mode). If you have a Velocity script that uses the display(propertyName) method to access properties of an object attached to the including page and you want to include it somewhere else you have to use the includeForm() Velocity macro in the including script:


See the includeForm() macro for more information.

Access objects from any page and loop over all objects of same Class

Here is a piece of Velocity script to show how it is possible to access an object attached to the page from another page, and read its fields:
(It is similar than previous code except you must "call" page before with $xwiki.getDocument.)

## get the document which has the object (only one here) - this is the page where I can see things in the object editor
## Retrieve the first object (index [0]) among all objects attached to the page MySpace.MyDocWithMyClassObjects and of a certain class MySpace.MyClass
#set( $MyDoc = $xwiki.getDocument("MySpace.MyDocWithMyClassObjects"))
## get the document wich contains the class definition: this page has entries in the class editor
#set( $class = $xwiki.getClass("MySpace.MyClass"))
#foreach($prop in $ ## go through all properties
  * ${prop.prettyName} : $MyDoc.display($prop.getName())

If MySpace.MyDocWithMyClassObjects have many attached objects of MySpace.MyClass class (with different value)
APIGuide-MyDocWithMyClassObjects.png APIGuide-ResultOfLoops.png

## if you have more than one object on a page, you will have to loop over them and use "$doc.use"
#set($MyDoc = $xwiki.getDocument("MySpace.MyDocWithMyClassObjects"))
#set($class = $xwiki.getClass("MySpace.MyClass"))
## loop over all objects
#foreach($obj in $MyDoc.getObjects("MySpace.MyClass"))
  * Object number $velocityCount
 #set($discard = $MyDoc.use($obj))
 #foreach($prop in $ ## go through all properties
    ** ${prop.prettyName} : $MyDoc.display($prop.getName())

Include a Velocity page into another Velocity page

See the Include In Velocity tutorial.

Redirecting to another page

It's possible to redirect the user to another page. This is useful for example when a page has been removed and you have given the URL to someone so you want the old page to redirect to the new page.



For more examples, see the Redirect Snippet.

Add an Attachment to a page

For example, in Velocity:

#set($content = "This is some small arbitrary content")
#set($discard = $doc.addAttachment("myfile.txt", $content.getBytes()))
#set($discard = $"some comment"))

Add a new user to a List of Users xobject

Let's imagine that Space.Page contains an xobject having a users xproperty of type "List of Users" (and configured to be a multiselect).

The following code adds a new user reference to the list:

#set ($usersObject = $doc.getObject('Space.Page'))
#set ($referenceList = $usersObject.getValue('users'))
#set ($referenceList = "${referenceList},XWiki.NewUser")
#set ($discard = $usersObject.set('users', $referenceList))
#set ($discard = $'Added new user', true))

Create an XClass

The following example creates an XClass with a single mytextarea xproperty of type Text Area in the document Sandbox.TestClass.

Requires Programming Rights

#set ($mydoc = $xwiki.getDocument('Sandbox.TestClass'))
#set ($myinternaldoc = $mydoc.getDocument())
#set ($myclass = $myinternaldoc.getXClass())
#set ($discard = $myclass.addTextAreaField("mytextarea", "My Text Area", 100, 5))
#set ($discard = $'created doc + xclass'))

Modify the last update date

Requires Programming Rights

#set ($mydoc = $xwiki.getDocument('Sandbox.WebHome'))
#set ($date = $datetool.toDate('yyyy-MM-dd', '2013-01-01'))
#set ($mydocinternal = $mydoc.getDocument())
#set ($discard = $mydocinternal.setDate($date))
#set ($discard = $mydocinternal.setMetaDataDirty(false))
#set ($discard = $mydocinternal.setContentDirty(false))
$xwiki.getXWiki().saveDocument($mydocinternal, "change update date", true, $xcontext.getContext())

Find XDOM Blocks

You can access an AST (we all it the XDOM) of a document's content using the getXDOM() API (See Rendering Documentation for more). Then you can find all Blocks of a given type. 

For example to find all Headings in Sandbox.WebHome you could write:

#set ($mydoc = $xwiki.getDocument('Sandbox.WebHome'))
#foreach ($block in $mydoc.getXDOM().getBlocks('class:HeaderBlock', 'DESCENDANT'))
 * $block

Mark a page as hidden

Failed to execute the [velocity] macro. Cause: [Error number 9001 in 9: Access denied in edit mode on document xwiki:MySpace.MyPage]. Click on this message for details.


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